German intellectual history of the last 300 years is an integral part of the history of europe as with its scottish counterpart the early enlightenment in germany followed the natural law tradition inspired by roman philosophers such as cicero as shown by benjamin straumann in his recent roman law in the state of nature 2015 early modern natural law aimed to provide a political and moral . The university of chicago press books division chicago distribution center. Whereas marx offered a theory of capitalism webers work was fundamentally a theory of the process of rationalization rationalization is the process whereby universally applied rules regulations and laws come to dominate more and more sectors of society on the model of a bureaucracy. Significant people and publications the age of enlightenment was preceded by and closely associated with the scientific revolution earlier philosophers whose work influenced the enlightenment included bacon descartes locke and spinoza the major figures of the enlightenment included beccaria diderot hume kant montesquieu rousseau adam smith and voltaire
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